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Math, Engineering, And Physical Science Careers

Math, Engineering, Physical Science careers

In this article, we’ll discuss different careers in the math, engineering, and physical sciences industries. Learn a little about the training needed to begin a career as an engineer, chemist, mathematician, or physicist. These types of jobs have some of the best salaries, but most of them also require at least a four-year degree to get an entry level position.


Aerospace Engineering

You only need an associate degree for an entry level position in aerospace engineering technology, or as an operations tech. Aerospace engineering technicians work alongside aerospace engineers to help build testing facilities for aircraft systems. While in high school, it would be best to focus your studies in math, science, drafting, and computer skills.

Architectural Engineering

To become an architect, you’ll generally need to complete a bachelor’s degree, gain relevant experience through a paid internship, and then pass the Architect Registration Examination. Find an architecture program now.


For most entry level bioengineering jobs, a bachelor’s degree in bioengineering from a program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) is required. Bachelor degree coursework can include intermediate and advanced mathematics, life and physical sciences, engineering, design, computer lab, and more.

Chemical Engineering

As a chemical engineer, you’ll help make advancements in the production or use of products such as food, fuel, and medications. Chemical engineers also design the layout of many different types of manufacturing equipment.

You need to earn a chemical engineering degree for an entry level position. While in high school, you should take chemistry, physics, biology, algebra, trig, and calculus classes. Find a chemical engineering program now. A closely related career is chemical technician, and some schools offer associate degrees in chemical technology.

Civil Engineering

Civil engineers can be found in both the public and private sectors. If you choose the civil engineering path, you’ll plan, design, construct, research, and teach. The minimum requirement for entry level civil engineering jobs is a bachelor’s degree. Some employers will prefer an advanced degree. Find a civil engineering program now.

Computer Engineering

Computer engineers are responsible for creating and testing computer software. They may complete the research and design of circuit boards, routers, and other computer equipment. Entry level jobs require a degree in computer engineering or science.

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineers design and develop electrical-powered products and other new goods. They calculate and set all the standards and specifications for the manufacturing, construction, and installation of these products.

If you’re considering a college electrical engineering program, it’s important to choose one accredited by the ABET. Entry level jobs require a bachelor’s degree in either electrical, electronics, or electrical engineering technology.

Engineering Technology

Engineering technicians work under the supervision of engineers or scientists. They help to design machinery, equipment, and other products. To become an engineering technician, you must earn a certificate or associate degree through an accredited college engineering technology program.

Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers’ main job is to eliminate wastefulness in production processes. Industrial engineers need a bachelor’s degree to qualify for entry level jobs. A student can choose to take an industrial engineering program, but degrees like mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, or general engineering will qualify you for an entry level job as well.

Materials Engineering

Materials engineers develop and test materials used to create products like computer chips, aircraft components, sporting equipment, and medical devices. Materials engineers must have a bachelor’s degree in materials engineering, materials science, or a related engineering field to qualify for an entry level position.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers research, design, develop, build, and test mechanical devices. It’s one of the broadest engineering disciplines, so a degree in mechanical engineering can open up a variety of career opportunities.

Mechanical engineering programs are heavy in mathematics courses, physical sciences, and design courses. Students learn about system components and technical subjects, and they’ll gain a basic understanding of civil, chemical, and electrical engineering.



Mathematicians analyze data and apply mathematical and statistical techniques to solve problems in business systems, engineering, medical, and other fields. Mathematicians usually need a master’s degree in mathematics or statistics to land a top job.


Physicists study the ways that various forms of matter and energy interact. They work in offices, laboratories, and observatories. For a job in academia a student will need to earn his or her Ph.D. To qualify for an entry level job with the federal government a bachelor’s degree in physics is required.


Statisticians, like mathematicians, analyze data and apply mathematical and statistical techniques to solve problems in business, engineering, healthcare, and other industries. You’ll need a degree in statistics to land an entry level job. A master’s degree or Ph.D. will be required for the highest paying positions.

Physical Sciences


Chemists need at least a bachelor’s degree in chemistry for an entry level position. Chemists may work in many different industries including food science and materials science. For a job in research you may need a master’s degree or Ph.D. Find a chemistry degree program now.


Geologists, or geoscientists, study the physical aspects of the Earth. They may study its composition, structure, and processes. Geologists can find themselves working in the lab or in the field. Geoscientists need at least a bachelor’s degree for most entry level positions.

Military Technology

A military technology degree program will provide practical knowledge in directing highly technical and complex military systems. This degree will prepare the student for military advancement or civilian positions in government and industry.