Many students have certain physical or emotional conditions that would classify them as special needs. Whether they have ADHD, Autism, anxiety, or any other condition, these students are finding it impossible to function in a school environment, or even attempt to learn the way traditional students would. It takes a special kind of person with the right educational background to help these humans reach their goals and find success. If you’re considering a career in special education, there are many different options to choose from. Find out about special education careers from teaching and beyond.
You’re A Perfect Fit For A Special Education Career
Empathetic, patient, fearless, flexible, and dedicated are all words that can be used to describe the type of person you are. If you’re interested in special education, then those are all traits necessary for a successful career. Never underestimate yourself. You’re amazing to heed this calling. Because a calling is what it is, and special education careers are not a good direction otherwise.
Working in special education comes with obstacles and triumphs. Your mission is to help your students or clients thrive in ways they otherwise wouldn’t. You’re giving people the tools they need to succeed, whether helping a student learn to focus or translating the spoken word to sign language, and beyond.
What Special Education Professionals Need To Know
Despite the fact that your education will prepare you for the technical aspects of your career, there are still some things you need to know when heading into a career in special education.
- It will be stressful. In general, working to help others can be stressful. When you compound that with the emotional and physical needs of those in your charge, it can be overwhelming. There are days when your patience and kindness will be tested and trying to remain calm will be, well, trying.
- Your limits will be pushed. Every single one of your limits. Pushed to the max.
- You may drown in paperwork. With every special education student, patient, and client, there is paperwork equal to, if not greater than, his or her body weight. Evaluations, reports, Individualized Education Programs, meeting invitations, and so much more, need to be filled out.
- You may get very emotionally attached. So many special education professionals get very involved in the lives of their students/clients. It’s almost impossible not to. You celebrate the wins and cry at the setbacks. Because you’ll be communicating with many others included on the team of professionals, you’ll be diving deep into lives, and it’s only natural to form an attachment.
- You’ll be rolling with a lot of punches. Which means you’ll need to be good natured and adaptable, even when it feels like you’re about to snap. Your easy-going and flexible nature are called upon often.
- Caution, uphill battle ahead. Your students or clients are going to be giving it their all. But, their all may be limited, and you’ll be doing a lot of the same things over and over, until they’re able to catch on. When you get to the top of that hill, you can catch your breath and celebrate the successes.
- You may be extremely satisfied. As frustrating as some of the instances can be, you’ll find tremendous satisfaction when your students or clients reach milestones and breakthroughs.
Career Options in Special Education
There are many different paths you can take—and degrees you can get—if you want to work in special education, from a bachelor’s degree to a doctorate.
9 Careers in Special Education
Recreational Therapist: You’ll use arts, crafts, music, dance, aquatics, and other modalities to help people with disabilities, injuries, or illness.
- A bachelor’s degree is necessary.
- Certification is preferred by most employers.
Translation for the Hearing Impaired: You’ll translate the spoken word to sign language for your hearing impaired clients.
- Bachelor’s degree and fluency in two languages is required. In this case, that’s English and ASL.
- Certifications are available through the National Association of the Deaf as well as Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf.
Occupational Therapist: You’ll help patients with disabilities learn, develop, and recover tasks they’ll use in everyday life. This is done through exercises, special equipment, and other forms of relevant therapies.
- A master’s degree in occupational therapy is required. To be an aid or assistant, hands-on training and an associate degree are recommended.
- Each state may have its own licensing requirements, but it is essential to meet whatever yours are.
Physical Therapist: As a physical therapist, you’ll be trained to use different forms of exercise to help your patients manage their pain and improve their movement.
- A doctoral degree in physical therapy is required.
- Every state in the U.S. requires PTs to be licensed.
School Social Worker: You’ll work with students and help them tackle situations that occur in their lives.
- Bachelor’s degrees are the minimum requirement for entry-level social work positions.
- Licensing is required, and you must have a master’s degree and two years of experience to obtain a license.
School Psychologist: You use your study and observation of social, cognitive, and emotional processes to help improve the students’ behavior.
- A Ph.D or Psy.D are required.
- Licensing is required in every state.
Speech-Language Pathologist: As a speech therapist, you’ll help with swallowing and communication disorders with children.
- A master’s degree is necessary, at the very least.
- Licensing or registration will be required, depending on your state.
Audiologist: You’ll diagnose hearing, balance, or other ear problems. Many audiologists work in doctor offices and clinics, but there are also many who work in school districts traveling between schools.
- A doctoral degree in audiology is required.
- Licensing is required in all states.
Special Education Educator: You’ll teach students with moderate to severe emotional or physical disabilities.
- A bachelor’s degree is required.
- A license to teach at each grade level is necessary.
Salary and Job Outlook
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the average salary for special education teachers in 2021 was $71,330. The BLS also states that the demand for special education teachers is expected to increase 8 percent by 2030, which is as fast as the national average.